Insights into the role of estrogens and androgens in glial tumorigenesis

Bhavna Daswani, Yasmin Khan
Department of Life Sciences, Sophia College (Autonomous), Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
DOI: 10.4103/jcar.JCar_2_21

Gliomas are more common in males than in females. Emerging evidence from several studies in vitro and in vivo have shown the role of estrogens and androgens in glial tumorigenesis. In recent times, studies have also shed light on the actions of estrogen receptors, alpha and beta, and androgen receptor. Here, we provide a comprehensive overview of the research hitherto on estrogens and androgens along with an emphasis on their receptors in glioma pathophysiology. Studies with conflicting results are discussed and future possibilities are put forward. A collective understanding of the studies on these steroid hormones in glioma may serve to create an amalgamated therapeutic approach; and thereby, augment the efforts in tackling this deadly disease.

Keywords: Androgen, estrogen, glioblastoma, glioma, hormones